Web [475 pts]
Description: All files are included. Source code is the key.
When we first visit the website, we see that there is an input for URLs and that this renders the HTML content below:
After trying several PHP attack methods to try to get a foothold, using localhost:8080 provided the source code for index.php via SSRF.
It seems like we have to craft our input to be localhost:8080/index.php?user=??&secret=??
Bypassing the first if statement, we just need user to be anything other than ‘admin’
Bypassing the second, we need to use secret=1 because it will evaluate to null which breaks the condition
Now $login_1 and $login_2 are both 1, we need to bypass @unlink() which deletes a filename, in our case it is generated using a hash combination of date(‘ms’) and $_COOKIE[‘PHPSESSID’]. The session is created and destroyed rather quickly and this can lead to a race condition if many requests are made in synchronized time.
We could solve this by sending requests in a synchronized time to cause the race condition. I tried out nccgroup’s enhancement of python requests called requests_racer.
Using a quick script, we are able to get a flag with ~100 synchronized requests: